Langston Hughes

“James Mercer Langston Hughes (February 1, 1902 – May 22, 1967) was an American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist from Joplin, Missouri.

He was one of the earliest innovators of the then-new literary art form called jazz poetry. Hughes is best known as a leader of the Harlem Renaissance in New York City. He famously wrote about the period that “the negro was in vogue”, which was later paraphrased as “when Harlem was in vogue”.”

Bio was taken from here.

Novels

  • Not Without Laughter. Knopf, 1930
  • The Ways of White Folks, Knopf, 1934
  • Simple Speaks His Mind, 1950
  • Laughing to Keep from Crying, Holt, 1952
  • Simple Takes a Wife, 1953
  • Sweet Flypaper of Life, photographs by Roy DeCarava. 1955
  • Simple Stakes a Claim, 1957
  • Tambourines to Glory, 1958
  • The Best of Simple, 1961
  • Simple’s Uncle Sam, 1965
  • Something in Common and Other Stories, Hill & Wang, 1963
  • Short Stories of Langston Hughes, Hill & Wang, 1996

Non-Fiction 

  • The Big Sea, New York: Knopf, 1940
  • Famous American Negroes, 1954
  • Famous Negro Music Makers, New York: Dodd, Mead, 1955
  • I Wonder as I Wander, New York: Rinehart & Co., 1956
  • A Pictorial History of the Negro in America, with Milton Meltzer. 1956
  • Famous Negro Heroes of America, 1958
  • Fight for Freedom: The Story of the NAACP. 1962

Poetry

  • The Weary Blues, Knopf, 1926
  • Fine Clothes to the Jew, Knopf, 1927
  • The Negro Mother and Other Dramatic Recitations, 1931
  • Dear Lovely Death, 1931
  • The Dream Keeper and Other Poems, Knopf, 1932
  • Scottsboro Limited: Four Poems and a Play, Golden Stair Press, N.Y., 1932
  • Let America Be America Again, 1938
  • Shakespeare in Harlem, Knopf, 1942
  • Freedom’s Plow, 1943
  • Fields of Wonder, Knopf, 1947
  • One-Way Ticket, 1949
  • Montage of a Dream Deferred, Holt, 1951
  • Selected Poems of Langston Hughes, 1958
  • Ask Your Mama: 12 Moods for Jazz, Hill & Wang, 1961
  • The Panther and the Lash: Poems of Our Times, 1967
  • The Collected Poems of Langston Hughes, Knopf, 1994

Screenplays

  • Mule Bone, with Zora Neale Hurston, 1931
  • Mulatto, 1935 (renamed The Barrier, an opera, in 1950)
  • Troubled Island, with William Grant Still, 1936
  • Little Ham, 1936
  • Emperor of Haiti, 1936
  • Don’t You Want to be Free?, 1938
  • Street Scene, contributed lyrics, 1947
  • Tambourines to Glory, 1956
  • Simply Heavenly, 1957
  • Black Nativity, 1961
  • Five Plays by Langston Hughes, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1963
  • Jerico-Jim Crow, 1964

Children’s Books 

  • Popo and Fifina, with Arna Bontemps, 1932
  • The First Book of the Negroes, 1952
  • The First Book of Jazz, 1954
  • Marian Anderson: Famous Concert Singer, with Steven C. Tracy, 1954
  • The First Book of Rhythms, 1954
  • The First Book of the West Indies, 1956
  • First Book of Africa, 1964
  • Black Misery, illustrated by Arouni, 1969; reprinted 1994, Oxford University Press.

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